Source: University of Oregon Summary: According to a new research, children who struggle with weak cognitive control at an early age are at most risk for trouble in adulthood following their engagement in risk-taking activities in adolescence. Cognitive control is the ability to exert top-down control over behavior, thoughts and emotions.
Source: Picower Institute at MIT Summary: A new study by the researchers provides an explanation of how synaptic strengthening and weakening combine in neurons to produce plasticity. Our brains are famously flexible, or “plastic,” because neurons can do new things by forging new or stronger connections with other neurons. But if
Source: European Molecular Biology Laboratory Summary: For the first time, researchers in a study found that the special glial cells help synapses grow and rearrange and demonstrated the essential role of microglia in brain development. Microglia are glial cells that are around one in 10 brain cells. Cousins of macrophages, they act as the first and
Source: Bar-Ilan University Summary: Using new theoretical results and experiments on neuronal cultures, a group of scientists, has demonstrated that the central assumption for nearly 70 years that learning occurs only in the synapses is mistaken. The brain is a complex network containing billions of neurons, where each of these neurons communicates
Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Summary: Researchers have developed a new viral tool that stops replicating once it infects a cell, allowing it to deliver its genetic cargo without harming the cell. For the past decade, neuroscientists have been using a modified version of the rabies virus (Recombinant rabies viral vectors)
Source: Texas A&M University Summary: According to a new study, researchers found that alcohol-seeking behavior may be induced by altering the strength of connections between particular neurons. About 15.1 million American adults have alcohol use disorder, meaning they cannot stop drinking despite adverse consequences, in other words, they have what
Source: California Institute of Technology Summary: Researchers have developed a method to easily see neural connections and the flow of communications in real time within living flies. The work is a step forward toward creating a map of the entire fly brain’s many connections, which could help scientists understand the neural
Source: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Summary: Researchers in a new study has revealed that a specific molecular factor is linked with the process of synaptic plasticity and learning. Memory formation requires subtle changes in the brain structures. Continuous modification of synapses provide the functional connections that allow the nerve