Gene PPM1D

Source: Baylor College of Medicine Summary: In this study, researchers combined clinical and laboratory studies to show that a gene called PPM1D, whose function in blood production was unknown, can confer blood cells exposed to the chemotherapy agent cisplatin a survival advantage that might favor the development of leukemia yearsRead More →

ALS motor neurons

Source: Northwestern University Summary: Researchers have discovered that some neurons affected by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) display hypo-excitability, using a new method to measure electrical activity in cells. The excitability changes observed in ALS patient neurons most likely represent the early steps in the disease process. The fact that theseRead More →

A type of Glial cells

Source: University of Calgary Summary: Researchers shed new light on the identity of the brain cells that exhibit neural stem cell function. Senior author, Jeff Biernaskie said, “We hope the model we have developed will be an important tool toward understanding the impact of ependymal cell dysfunction during both brain development and in the onsetRead More →

Smooth elastic tissue

Source: University of Basel Summary: Researchers have produced stable joint cartilage from adult stem cells originating from bone marrow. This was made possible by inducing specific molecular processes occurring during embryonic cartilage formation. Certain mesenchymal stem/stromal cells from the bone marrow of adults are considered extremely promising for skeletal tissue regeneration. These adult stemRead More →

Neural progenitors are cells that are capable of dividing a limited number of times

Source: Northwestern University Summary: According to a new study, researchers have discovered how the process of DNA methylation regulates the development of spinal cord motor neurons. DNA methylation, an epigenetic mechanism that determines whether or not a gene is expressed, guides stem cells as they transform from blank slates into specialized cells.Read More →

reprogrammed stem cells regenerate lost muscle mass in muscular dystrophy.

Source: Northwestern University Summary: In a new study, researchers have reprogrammed stem cells and demonstrated the potential to regenerate lost muscle mass in muscular dystrophy. Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited muscle diseases characterized by the progressive loss of both skeletal and cardiac muscle mass. The most common type muscular dystrophies include Duchenne muscular dystrophy, BeckerRead More →

Page 1 of 212