A new tool is developed by the researchers at University of San Diego School of Medicine. The tool is called San Diego Wisdom Scale (SD-WISE) and is based upon the conceptualization of wisdom as a trait with a neurobiological and psychosocial basis. With the help of this tool, an individual’s level of wisdom can be assessed. These findings are published in the Journal of Psychiatric Research. There are many methods to assess a person’s level of wisdom but they do not incorporate the emerging neurobiological models of the trait but SD-WISE scale reflects the latest idea.
For this study, Dr. Dilip Jeste and his colleagues randomly enlisted 524 individuals from the San Diego County, aging between 25 – 104 from an ongoing longitudinal investigation – Successful Aging Evaluation (SAGE) study which focuses on cognitive, physical and psychosocial aspects of successful aging throughout the adult lifespan. Participants were presented with SD-WISE scale along with two other existing measures – The 12-item 3-D Wisdom Scale and the 40-item Self-assessed Wisdom Scale. Studies suggest wisdom is defined by 6 specific domains linked to distinct regions of the brain such as prefrontal cortex, limbic system, amygdala and some specific neurotransmitters. The domains include prosocial attitude and behaviors, emotional regulation, self-understanding, tolerance of diverse values, ability to deal with uncertainty/ambiguity in life and social decision-making.
So along with SD-WISE, neuroimaging, genetics and other sciences can help reveal how wisdom works biologically within our brains.