Factors Affecting Fertility in Women

A woman’s ability to get pregnant is termed as female fertility. Women are known to have a fertility time window and they are supposed to be reproductive in that phase. However, time waits for none, and as a woman ages her chances of producing babies gets limited. This fact is well known. But when a young couple plans to get onto the family bandwagon but the good news is nowhere to be heard of, there is something deeper that needs investigation. It would be wise to sit down and analyze any potential risk factors that are hindering with your achieving a successful pregnancy.

Factors affeting Fertility

Some of the factors that need to be considered that thwart a woman’s fertility are


In this condition, the tissues that should ideally be lined within the uterine cells grow outside the uterus on the fallopian tubes, ovaries or bladder.  Rigid scar tissues that get formed between the uterus and the outside lining prevent the egg transfer to the fallopian tubes. Also, endometriosis prevents a fertilized egg from getting attached to the uterine wall. Extremely heavy menstrual flow, painful intercourse, unbearable menstrual cramps are some of the significant signs of endometriosis.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Some STDs are without symptoms and hence lie concealed in many women. STDs potentially threaten fertility as they can lead to ectopic pregnancy, tubal scarring and a host of other reproductive problems. The best way to keep STDs at bay is to use latex condoms to halt the disease from spreading. In addition, people who have multiple sex partners are at a significantly higher risk for contracting STDs.

Thyroid Dysfunction

Thyroid malfunctioning is a notorious spoilsport for women who wish to conceive. It all starts with thyroid hormones disturbing the normal menstrual patterns. When menstrual cycles in a woman go for a toss, her chances of getting pregnant come down significantly. If thyroid disorders are not detected and treated, they can lead to recurrent miscarriages even if the woman conceives.

Right Weight is Important

Slight deviations from the prescribed Body Mass Index, which is 20, are acceptable. But being either too underweight or obese are high-risk factors for a woman who wants to get on the family way. Abnormally less or overweight interferes with the hormonal balance and the ovulation cycles and thus brings down the chances of a woman from getting pregnant.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a health problem that attacks a woman’s menstrual cycle and thus jeopardises her ability to have children. A main underlying delinquent with PCOS is a severe hormonal imbalance. In women who suffer from PCOS, ovaries produce more androgens- male hormones that females also produce but in limited amounts- than normal. The spikes in the levels of these hormones are sure to affect the formation and release of eggs in ovulation.


Few people recognize that apart from affecting their lungs, smoking is a big intruder in their fertility spheres. Women who smoke directly or those who are passive smokers are at a risk of suffering from a very poor ovarian reserve. They are also prone to chromosomal abnormalities that can lead to miscarriage or stillbirth if conceived.

Toxin Exposure

Continued exposure to high temperatures, radiation, chemicals, and heavy electromagnetic or microwave emissions reduce a woman’s fertility. Agricultural workers who are continuously exposed to pesticides, hair stylists and other such groups could risk menstrual disorders. Again, dental assistants getting exposed to higher levels of nitrous oxide and industrial workers being continuously exposed to chemicals in the manufacturing plants are at a risk of decreased fertility.

                    If you have been planning for almost a year with no signs in the offing, do not lose heart. Visit a good gynaecologist and discuss your condition to address t the right way. Time, patience and regularly following the prescribed course of action will help you conceive and have a happy family.

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