Sleep deprivation

Source: University of Western Ontario Summary: Preliminary results from the world’s largest sleep study have shown that people who sleep on average between seven to eight hours per night performed better cognitively than those who slept less or more than this amount. The world’s largest sleep study was launched inRead More →

Epigenetics

Source: Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Summary: According to research, a new method for sequencing the chemical groups attached to the surface of DNA is paving the way for better detection of cancer and other diseases in the blood. To detect disease earlier and with increased precision, researchers haveRead More →

surgical competency

Source: Science Advances Summary: A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. has developed a way to test surgical competency by using brain imaging technology to analyze the brains of surgeons in action.   More Information: Arun Nemani et al, “Assessing bimanual motor skills with optical neuroimaging”, Science Advances (2018). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat3807Read More →

DNA

Source:  University of Oxford Summary: Researchers using infection prevention and control best practice, whole genome sequencing and electronic patient data, have halted an outbreak of a potentially deadly fungal pathogen after detecting that multi-use patient equipment was responsible. More Information: David W. Eyre et al, ‘A Candida auris Outbreak and Its Control inRead More →

Vaccine development

Source: University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston Summary: Researchers have developed a less expensive way to produce vaccines that cuts the costs of vaccine production and storage by up to 80 percent without decreasing safety or effectiveness. Vaccines are the most effective way to prevent and eradicate infectious diseases. Currently, manyRead More →

Neurons

Source: Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University Summary: Brain regions best known for recognizing the potential horror of a hurricane also help us recognize, appreciate and categorize our food, scientists report.   More Information: Jun Liu et al, “Neural Coding of Appetitive Food Experiences in the Amygdala”, Neurobiology of Learning and Memory (2018). DOI:Read More →

Mid-aged women

Source: University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Summary: A new study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine suggests that experiences of sexual harassment and sexual assault could have a significant impact on the physical and mental health of midlife women. Sexual harassment and sexual assault are highly prevalent experiencesRead More →

Cellular senescence

Source: University of Minnesota Summary: Researchers have shown that treatment of aged mice with the natural product Fisetin, found in many fruits and vegetables, also has significant positive effects on health and lifespan. As people age, they accumulate damaged cells. When the cells get to a certain level of damage theyRead More →

Electroencephalogram

Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Summary: Researchers argue that by putting nociception at the top of the priority list and taking a principled neuroscientific approach to choosing which drugs to administer. More Information: Emery N. Brown et al, “Multimodal General Anesthesia”, Anesthesia & Analgesia (2018). DOI: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003668Read More →

Software program

Source: Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne Summary:  Researchers have developed a software program that can analyze these children’s writing disabilities and their causes with unparalleled precision. Writing is an essential skill for schoolchildren, but it requires an adroit combination of careful concentration, well-developed motor skills, and good language comprehension – somethingRead More →

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